One year on from the bombings of St John’s Church and Christ Church in Youhanabad, Lahore, that killed 15 and injured 70, Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW) is calling for a full, impartial investigation by Pakistan’s authorities and for the perpetrators to be brought to justice.
During protests following the church
bombings on 15 March 2015 in Youhanabad, a predominantly Christian area of Lahore,
two Muslim men who were suspected to be connected to the bombings were lynched
by a mob.
The Punjab Government quickly launched
an operation to apprehend those suspected of the lynching and in the last
twelve months, over 100 young men have been arrested from Youhanabad and are
facing trial in the fast-track anti-terrorists courts. Arrests are still being
Doubts have been raised by civil
society about police impartiality as they have relied heavily on video and
mobile phone footage and made arrests without warrants. There are also concerns
about the excessive force used by police while conducting their investigations
and they have been accused of detaining people illegally.
One man who was detained by the police
told CSW that “the police arrested all the youth, telling these young men that
they were on a list. They were randomly picking up suspects to fulfil a quota,
there was pressure from the Chief Minister to make arrests so the police were
out to arrest anyone they could get.”
The attacks in Lahore draw attention to
concerns about the security of churches and Christian institutions in the
country. Religious minorities in Pakistan face pervasive societal and
institutional discrimination and the threat of violence, fuelled in part by expressions
of religious hatred, or hate speech. Influential leaders, from grassroots
religious clerics to MPs and federal ministers, have been known openly to
incite violence against non-Muslim minorities or minority Muslim sects. This
situation is exacerbated by a culture of impunity and the unchecked influence
of extremist groups.
CSW has urged Pakistan’s government to
enact the recommendations of a 2014 Pakistan Supreme Court judgement to set up
a special taskforce for minorities, take effective measures to curb hate speech
and develop appropriate curricula to promote religious and social tolerance.
CSW’s Chief Executive Mervyn Thomas
said, “On the first anniversary of the double church bombing in Youhanabad, no
one has yet been held to account for this crime. We urge the Pakistani
Government to launch a full enquiry into the bombings and to ensure that the
police adhere to due process both in bringing the perpetrators to account and
in apprehending those who killed the two Muslim men in the aftermath of the
attack. We also urge the government to enact the Supreme Court recommendations
to ensure that the rights of religious minorities in Pakistan are upheld.”