A 50 year-old Coptic Orthodox priest from Upper Egypt was stabbed to death, and another was wounded, by a suspected extremist on 12 October.
Father Samaan Shahata Rizkallah was chased and stabbed
repeatedly in the head, neck and abdomen by a man wielding a meat
cleaver, who also imprinted a cross on his forehead. An
ambulance arrived at the scene an hour later, and transported him to
a hospital, where he died. Father Beymen Moftah of El-Malak Church in Matay,
who was with Father Samaan, was also attacked but is reported to
have survived his injuries.
A suspect is reported to be in custody. In
a statement, Bishop Astafanous of Fashn, Biba and Samasta
described the alleged killer as an "extremist" with a criminal
record, naming him as Ahmed-El Sonbaty.
Father Samaan served at St. Julius' church in Ezbet
Girgis, al-Fashn, Beni Suef governorate, a village that is home for
approximately 3,000 inhabitants, 2,000 of whom are Christians.
In 2009, Father Samaan applied for a permit to
construct a new church on land owned by Christians who had offered to demolish
their old homes, prompting protests from the Muslim community. The church
was eventually built and in September 2015, Father Samaan was arrested
briefly and interrogated by the police after performing much-needed renovations
on the church.
Attacks on Egypt's Christian community have surged in
recent months, with over 100 deaths since December 2016 in a series of attacks
that have been claimed by the Islamic State (IS, Daesh). Most
recently, on 5 October, police were reported to have defused an IED
found in a car close to Al-Masara Church in Rod El-Farag, Cairo.
Christian Solidarity Worldwide’s Chief Executive Mervyn Thomas said: “We
extend our deepest condolences to the family of Father Samaan, to his community
and to his church. While we recognise the efforts of the Egyptian government to
combat extremism, we encourage it to consider longer-term security arrangements
to guarantee the safety of all civilians, and especially religious minorities,
who are particularly vulnerable to extremists’ attacks. It is vital that the
inordinate delay between the attack and the arrival of the ambulance is
investigated, as this may have had a bearing on Father Samaan's demise. It is
also very important in this context that the government removes
all remaining obstacles to the construction and renovation of churches
to ensure that such legitimate and peaceful activities no longer serve
as excuses for harassment or attacks on Christian communities, and
that all incidents involving sectarian violence are addressed in a court
of law as opposed to through customary reconciliation sessions.”